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Title: Bond F.C., 1961. Crushing and Grinding Calculations.pdf Author: can Created Date: 4/2/2009 4:00:03 PM
Bond Grinding Circuit Efficiency Meeting of Bond Efficiency Guideline Working Group of the Global Mining and Standards Group Salt lake City, 2014 Based on Presentation to the 2008 Meeting of SME, by C.A. Rowland, Jr. and R.E. McIvor. Bond Grinding Circuit Efficiency • The Bond Work Index equation • Ore test WI • Circuit operating WI
Bond Third Law of Comminution Comminution theory is concerned with the relationship between energy input and the particle size made from a given feed size. The best known and most widely used power-based equation is that proposed by Bond (1961) and is given in Equation 1. Bond's Third Theory of Comminution is an empirical
Part 2. Data Base of Bond Grinding Circuit Efficiencies (under development) References . Annexes: A1. The Bond Crushing WI Test Equipment and Procedure for Bond Efficiency Determinations (Revised March 26, 2015) B1. The Bond Rod Mill WI Test Equipment and Procedure (Revised March 26, 2015) C1. The Bond Ball Mill WI Test Equipment and …
Rowland, C.A., 1989, "Testing for selection of autogenous and semi-autogenous grinding mills and circuits," in Advances in Autogenous and Semiautogenous Grinding Technology' Andrew L. Mular and Gordan E. Agar, eds., University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, Vol. 1, pp. 47–59. Google Scholar
than predicted by Bond, based on the average performance of the plant circuits that Bond correlated with his laboratory testing. This circuit is consuming 89% of the Bond specified (design) circuit energy. 7.2.2 Common Plant Grinding Circuit Calculations 1. Rod-Ball Mill Circuit (Single-Stage Ball Mill, Multi-Stage
The Bond work index (BWI) is a well-known method used when selecting comminution equipment, to evaluate the grinding efficiency and to calculate the required grinding power. Although considered an industry standard, Bond did not fully define that procedure, and therefore significant discrepancies in test results can sometimes be obtained due to ...
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Blasting has an important impact on mining and milling well beyond the necessary ability to dig and load the ore efficiently. There is an increasing body of blasting research indicating significant impacts in crushing and grinding. These include increased production through higher output and fewer delays for bridging and jamming by oversize. In addition, fragmentation better suited to …
primary and secondary crushing and grinding. The final product is 80% passing 270 mesh. Bond has published a Wi for taconite of 14.87 (1961). This value is used in these base case calculations. Table 1 shows the feed and product size, the calculated total energy input, and the energy cost for each unit operation.
• Coarse grinding has RRs below 8:1 • Fine grinding can exceed 100:1 • Grinding of coarse particles in which the increase in surface area per unit mass is relatively small, Kick's Law is a reasonable approximation • Rittinger's law – States that the energy required for size reduction is proportional to the change in
This paper investigates grinding of mineral mixtures with different grindabilities in the Bond ball mill. Understanding the ore mixture grinding is of great importance in mineral processing. The energy required for crushing and grinding is presented by the Bond work index and is determined by means of Bond grindability test.
New Surface Formed by Grinding When a uniform particle is crushed, after the first crushing the size of the particles produced will vary a great deal from relatively coarse to fine and even to dust. As the grinding continues, the coarser particles will be further reduced but there will be less change in the size of the fine particles.
new crack tip length produced during breakage. Bond developed the well known Bond work index which is an indicator of a materials resistance to crushing and grinding. Each of these theories was useful in the design and scale up of' ball mill operations, however they told little of the expected size distributions, and most
Bond's equation was developed for the purpose of designing conventional crushing and grinding circuits (crush-rod-ball mill or crush-ball mill). By the 1970s, the application of
This paper investigates grinding of mineral mixtures with different grindabilities in the Bond ball mill. Understanding the ore mixture grinding is of great importance in mineral processing. The energy required for crushing and grinding is presented by the Bond work index and is determined by means of Bond grindability test. This paper presents the experimental results of the Bond …
crushing and grinding; and F80 and P80 are the 80% passing size of the feed and the product ( m), respectively. Bond developed a standard laboratory test for the determination of the work index for ball and rod mills in 1952 and modified it in 1961. The standard Bond ball mill grindability test is a closed circuit dry grinding test with a
Bond(1952) E=CB(1 x2-1 x1) or dE dx =CB 1 x3/2 or EB=W1(10 x2-10 x1) where x 1, x 2: top particle sizes before and after, or the sieve sizes in μm through which 80% powders in the feed and product, respectively. W 1: Bond work index e.g. W I=9.45kWh/ton for bauxite =20.7 for coke from coal =8.16 for gypsum rock In general, dE dx =-C xN where N ...
micrometers in size. According to the Bond standard procedure, the work index is determined by simulating a dry grinding in a closed circuit in the Bond ball mill to achieve 250% circulating load (Bond, 1949, 1952, 1961). The test is performed on a raw material approximately weighing 10 kg, which coarseness is -3.327 mm.